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Human factors issues for interstellar spacecraftDevelopments in research on space human factors are reviewed in the context of a self-sustaining interstellar spacecraft based on the notion of traveling space settlements. Assumptions about interstellar travel are set forth addressing costs, mission durations, and the need for multigenerational space colonies. The model of human motivation by Maslow (1970) is examined and directly related to the design of space habitat architecture. Human-factors technology issues encompass the human-machine interface, crew selection and training, and the development of spaceship infrastructure during transtellar flight. A scenario for feasible instellar travel is based on a speed of 0.5c, a timeframe of about 100 yr, and an expandable multigenerational crew of about 100 members. Crew training is identified as a critical human-factors issue requiring the development of perceptual and cognitive aids such as expert systems and virtual reality.
Document ID
19920056880
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Cohen, Marc M. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Brody, Adam R. (NASA Ames Research Center; Sterling Software, Inc. Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 15, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1991
Subject Category
MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT
Meeting Information
Space Congress(Cocoa Beach, FL)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other