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On the typography of flight-deck documentationMany types of paper documentation are employed on the flight-deck. They range from a simple checklist card to a bulky Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM). Some of these documentations have typographical and graphical deficiencies; yet, many cockpit tasks such as conducting checklists, way-point entry, limitations and performance calculations, and many more, require the use of these documents. Moreover, during emergency and abnormal situations, the flight crews' effectiveness in combating the situation is highly dependent on such documentation; accessing and reading procedures has a significant impact on flight safety. Although flight-deck documentation are an important (and sometimes critical) form of display in the modern cockpit, there is a dearth of information on how to effectively design these displays. The object of this report is to provide a summary of the available literature regarding the design and typographical aspects of printed matter. The report attempts 'to bridge' the gap between basic research about typography, and the kind of information needed by designers of flight-deck documentation. The report focuses on typographical factors such as type-faces, character height, use of lower- and upper-case characters, line length, and spacing. Some graphical aspects such as layout, color coding, fonts, and character contrast are also discussed. In addition, several aspects of cockpit reading conditions such as glare, angular alignment, and paper quality are addressed. Finally, a list of recommendations for the graphical design of flight-deck documentation is provided.
Document ID
19930010781
Document Type
Contractor Report (CR)
Authors
Degani, Asaf (San Jose State Univ. CA, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
December 1, 1992
Subject Category
DOCUMENTATION AND INFORMATION SCIENCE
Report/Patent Number
A-93049
NAS 1.26:177605
NASA-CR-177605
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NCC2-327
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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