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Tidal heating and mass loss in neutron star binaries - Implications for gamma-ray burst modelsA neutron star in a close binary orbit around another neutron star (or stellar-mass black hole) spirals inward owing to gravitational radiation. We discuss the effects of tidal dissipation during this process. Tidal energy dissipated in the neutron star's core escapes mainly as neutrinos, but heating of the crust, and outward diffusion of photons, blows off the outer layers of the star. This photon-driven mass loss precedes the final coalescence. The presence of this eject material impedes the escape of gamma-rays created via neutrino interactions. If an e(+) - e(-) fireball, created in the late stages of coalescence, were loaded with (or surrounded by) material with the mean column density of the ejecta, it could not be an efficient source of gamma-rays. Models for cosmologically distant gamma-rays burst that involve neutron stars must therefore be anisotropic, so that the fireball expands preferentially in directions where the column density of previously blown-off material is far below the spherically averaged value which we have calculated. Some possible 'scenarios' along these lines are briefly discussed.
Document ID
19930026499
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Authors
Meszaros, P. (NASA Headquarters Washington, DC United States)
Rees, M. J. (Cambridge Univ. Inst. of Astronomy, United Kingdom)
Date Acquired
August 15, 2013
Publication Date
October 1, 1992
Publication Information
Publication: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1
Volume: 397
Issue: 2
ISSN: 0004-637X
Subject Category
ASTROPHYSICS
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NSF AST-88-15266
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAGW-1522
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other