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The effect of severe storms on the ice cover of the northern Tatarskiy StraitPassive microwave images from the Special Sensor Microwave Imager are used to study the volume of ice and sea-bottom water in the Japan Sea as affected by winds and severe storms. The data set comprises brightness temperatures gridded on a polar stereographic projection, and the processing is accomplished with a linear algorithm by Cavalieri et al. (1983) based on the vertically polarized 37-GHz channel. The expressions for calculating heat fluxes and downwelling radiation are given, and ice-cover fluctuations are correlated with severe storm events. The storms generate large transient polynya that occur simultaneously with the strongest heat fluxes, and severe storms are found to contribute about 25 percent of the annual introduction of 25 cu km of ice in the region. The ice production could lead to the renewal of enough sea-bottom water to account for the C-14 data provided, and the generation of Japan Sea bottom water is found to vary directly with storm activity.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Martin, Seelye
(NASA Headquarters Washington, DC United States)
Munoz, Esther
(NASA Headquarters Washington, DC United States)
Drucker, Robert
(Washington Univ. Seattle, United States)
Date Acquired
August 15, 2013
Publication Date
November 15, 1992
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Geophysical Research
Volume: 97
Issue: C11
ISSN: 0148-0227
Subject Category
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: N00014-87-K-0160
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