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An overview of surface radiance and biology studies in FIFEThe use of satellite data to study and to understand energy and mass exchanges between the land surface and the atmosphere requires information about various biological processes and how various reflected or emitted spectral radiances are influenced by or manifested in these processes. To obtain such information, studies were conducted by the First ISLSCP Field Experiment (FIFE) surface radiances and biology (SRB) group using surface, near-surface, helicopter, and aircraft measurements. The two primary objectives of this group were to relate radiative fluxes to biophysical parameters and physiological processes and to assess how various management treatments affect important biological processes. This overview paper summarizes the results obtained by various SRB teams working in nine different areas: (1) measurements of bidirectional reflectance and estimation of hemispherical albedo; (2) evaluation of spatial and seasonal variability reflectance and vegetation indices; (3) determination of surface and radiational factors and their effects on vegetation indices and photosynthetically active radiation relationships; (4) use of surface temperatures to estimate sensible heat flux; (5) controls over photosynthesis and respiration at small scales; (6) soil surface CO2 fluxes and grassland carbon budget; (7) landscape variations in controls over gas exchange and energy partitioning; (8) radiometric response of prairie to management and topography; and (9) determination of nitrogen gas exchanges in a tallgrass prairie.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Blad, B. L.
(Nebraska Univ. Lincoln, United States)
Schimel, D. S.
(Colorado State Univ. Fort Collins, United States)
Date Acquired
August 15, 2013
Publication Date
November 30, 1992
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Geophysical Research
Volume: 97
Issue: D17
ISSN: 0148-0227
Subject Category
Earth Resources And Remote Sensing
Distribution Limits
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