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Low cost manned Mars mission based on indigenous propellant productionThe paper describes a low-cost approach to the manned exploration of Mars (which involves an unmanned mission followed two years later by a manned mission) based on near-term technologies and in situ propellant production. Particular attention is given to the basic mission architecture and its major components, including the orbital analysis, the unmanned segment, the Earth Return Vehicle, the aerobrake design, life sciences, guidance, communications, power, propellant production, the surface rovers, and Mars science. Also discussed are the cost per mission over an assumed 8-yr initiative.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Bruckner, A. P.
(NASA Headquarters Washington, DC United States)
Cinnamon, M.
(NASA Headquarters Washington, DC United States)
Hamling, S.
(NASA Headquarters Washington, DC United States)
Mahn, K.
(NASA Headquarters Washington, DC United States)
Phillips, J.
(NASA Headquarters Washington, DC United States)
Westmark, V.
(Washington Univ. Seattle, United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
February 1, 1993
Subject Category
Astronautics (General)
Report/Patent Number
AIAA PAPER 93-1010
Meeting Information
AIAA, AHS, and ASEE, Aerospace Design Conference(Irvine, CA)
Accession Number
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