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Unit cell geometry of 3-D braided structuresThe traditional approach used in modeling of composites reinforced by three-dimensional (3-D) braids is to assume a simple unit cell geometry of a 3-D braided structure with known fiber volume fraction and orientation. In this article, we first examine 3-D braiding methods in the light of braid structures, followed by the development of geometric models for 3-D braids using a unit cell approach. The unit cell geometry of 3-D braids is identified and the relationship of structural parameters such as yarn orientation angle and fiber volume fraction with the key processing parameters established. The limiting geometry has been computed by establishing the point at which yarns jam against each other. Using this factor makes it possible to identify the complete range of allowable geometric arrangements for 3-D braided preforms. This identified unit cell geometry can be translated to mechanical models which relate the geometrical properties of fabric preforms to the mechanical responses of composite systems.
Document ID
19930060480
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Du, Guang-Wu (NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Ko, Frank K. (Drexel Univ. Philadelphia, PA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
July 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites
Volume: 12
Issue: 7
ISSN: 0731-6844
Subject Category
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other