The challenges of simulating wake vortex encounters and assessing separation criteriaDuring landings and take-offs, the longitudinal spacing between airplanes is in part determined by the safe separation required to avoid the trailing vortex wake of the preceding aircraft. Safe exploration of the feasibility of reducing longitudinal separation standards will require use of aircraft simulators. This paper discusses the approaches to vortex modeling, methods for modeling the aircraft/vortex interaction, some of the previous attempts of defining vortex hazard criteria, and current understanding of the development of vortex hazard criteria.
Dunham, R. E. (NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Stuever, Robert A. (NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Vicroy, Dan D. (NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)