Development and use of hydrogen-air torches in an altitude facilityA hydrogen-air ignition torch concept that had been used successfully in two rocket engine test facilities to consume excess hydrogen in their exhausters at atmospheric conditions was experimentally evaluated and developed in an altitude test facility at NASA Lewis Research Center. The idea was to use several of these torches in conjunction with hydrogen detectors and dilution air to prevent excess accumulation of unburned hydrogen or mixtures of hydrogen and air exceeding the sea-level lower flammability limit in the altitude facility exhaust system during hydrogen-fueled propulsion system tests. The torches were evaluated for a range of fuel-to-air ratios from 0.09 to 0.39 and for a range of exit diameters from 19/64 to 49/64 in. From the results of these tests a torch geometry and a fuel-to-air ratio were selected that produced a reasonably sized torch exhaust flame for consumption of unburned hydrogen at altitude pressures from sea level to 4 psia.
Lottig, Roy A. (NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Huber, Gary T. (Sverdrup Technology, Inc. Brook Park, OH, United States)
August 16, 2013
June 1, 1993
Research And Support Facilities (Air)
AIAA PAPER 93-2176
Meeting: AIAA, SAE, ASME, and ASEE, Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit