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Submillimeter studies of main-sequence starsJCMT maps of the 800-micron emission from Vega, Fomalhaut, and Beta Pictoris are interpreted to indicate that they are not ringed by large reservoirs of distant orbiting dust particles that are too cold to have been detected by IRAS. A search for 800-micron emission from stars in the Pleiades and Ursa Majoris open clusters is reported. In comparison with the mass of dust particles near T Tauri and Herbig Ae stars, the JCMT data indicate a decline in dust mass during the initial 3 x 10 exp 8 yr that a star spends on the main sequence that is at least as rapid as (time) exp -2. It is estimated that in the Kuiper belt the ratio of total mass carried by small particles to that carried by comets is orders of magnitude smaller than this ratio is 1 AU from the sun. If 800-micron opacities calculated by Pollack et al. (1993) are correct, then the particles with radii less than 100 microns that dominate the FIR fluxes measured by IRAS cannot entirely account for the measured 800-micron fluxes at Vega, Beta Pic, and Fomalhaut; larger particles must be present as well.
Document ID
19930072090
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Authors
Zuckerman, B.
(NASA Headquarters Washington, DC United States)
Becklin, E. E.
(California Univ. Los Angeles, United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
September 10, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1
Volume: 414
Issue: 2
ISSN: 0004-637X
Subject Category
Astrophysics
Accession Number
93A56087
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAGW-2270
CONTRACT_GRANT: NSF AST-87-17872
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other

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