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Stiffnesses of a solid-rocket motor from an ambient vibration surveyExperience with many spacecraft configurations boosted by a variety of launch vehicles indicates that the maximum loads experienced throughout most of the structure are inertial in origin. These loads arise from the dynamic elastic response of the flight vehicle to the transient disturbances of launch and flight, and are highly dependent on the dynamic characteristics of both the spacecraft and the launch vehicle. It has proved to be most advantageous, in the analysis of this critical dependency of loads upon vehicle dynamic properties, to establish a mathematical model in terms of normal mode characteristics. In this way, the vibration behavior of an elastomechanical structure (or substructure) can be described by means of the so-called modal or natural degrees of freedom. The conduct of a mode survey test and the use of a suitably test-verified model in loads analyses is essential to the flight worthiness certification process of space systems. The desirability of such tests is confirmed by the fact that, almost invariably, significant deficiencies in the analytical models are revealed by the results. Therefore, this experimental program was undertaken to determine those properties of a solid-propellant rocket motor (SRM) which are required to characterize a dynamic model. Random ambient-excited accelerations were measured at a series of stations along the motor for the purpose of identifying the motor beam-like stiffnesses in bending, shear, and torsion. From a system identification point of view, it is significant that stiffness properties of a subsystem (the motor) are determined from modes of the full system (motor/stand configuration) using mode shape data of the subsystem only. This contrasts with traditional system identification approaches which rely upon complete system mode shapes.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Rubin, S.
(Aerospace Corp. Los Angeles, CA, United States)
Searle, G. A.
(Aerospace Corp. Los Angeles, CA, United States)
Wagner, R. G.
(Aerospace Corp. Los Angeles, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1988
Publication Information
Publication: JPL, Model Determination for Large Space Systems Workshop, Volume 1
Subject Category
Spacecraft Propulsion And Power
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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