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Performance and durability of high emittance heat receiver surfaces for solar dynamic power systemsHaynes 188, a cobalt-based superalloy, will be used to make thermal energy storage (TES) containment canisters for a 2 kW solar dynamic ground test demonstrator (SD GTD). Haynes 188 containment canisters with a high thermal emittance (epsilon) are desired for radiating heat away from local hot spots, improving the heating distribution, which will in turn improve canister service life. In addition to needing a high emittance, the surface needs to be durable in an elevated temperature, high vacuum environment for an extended time period. Thirty-five Haynes 188 samples were exposed to 14 different types of surface modification techniques for emittance and vacuum heat treatment (VHT) durability enhancement evaluation. Optical properties were obtained for the modified surfaces. Emittance enhanced samples were exposed to VHT for up to 2692 hours at 827 C and less than or equal to 10(exp -6) torr with integral thermal cycling. Optical properties were taken intermittently during exposure, and after final VHT exposure. The various surface modification treatments increased the emittance of pristine Haynes 188 from 0.11 up to 0.86. Seven different surface modification techniques were found to provide surfaces which met the SD GTD receiver VHT durability requirement. Of the 7 surface treatments, 2 were found to display excellent VHT durability: an alumina based (AB) coating and a zirconia based coating. The alumina based coating was chosen for the epsilon enhancement surface modification technique for the SD GTD receiver. Details of the performance and vacuum heat treatment durability of this coating and other Haynes 188 emittance surface modification techniques are discussed. Technology from this program will lead to successful demonstration of solar dynamic power for space applications, and has potential for application in other systems requiring high emittance surfaces.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Degroh, Kim K.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Roig, David M.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Burke, Christopher A.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Shah, Dilipkumar R.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
March 1, 1994
Subject Category
Spacecraft Propulsion And Power
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.15:106549
Meeting Information
1994 ASME International Solar Energy Conference(San Francisco, CA)
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: RTOP 585-03-21
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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