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Design and aerodynamic performance evaluation of a high-work mixed flow turbine stageAs axial and radial turbine designs have been pushed to their aerothermodynamic and mechanical limits, the mixed-flow turbine (MFT) concept has been projected to offer performance and durability improvements, especially when ceramic materials are considered. The objective of this NASA/U.S. Army sponsored mixed-flow turbine (AMFT) program was to determine the level of performance attainable with MFT technology within the mechanical constraints of 1997 projected ceramic material properties. The MFT geometry is similar to a radial turbine, exhibiting a large radius change from inlet to exit, but differing in that the inlet flowpath is not purely radial, nor axial, but mixed; it is the inlet geometry that gives rise to the name 'mixed-flow'. The 'mixed' orientation of the turbine inlet offers several advantages over radial designs by allowing a nonzero inlet blade angle yet maintaining radial-element blades. The oblique inlet not only improves the particle-impact survivability of the design, but improves the aerodynamic performance by reducing the incidence at the blade inlet. The difficulty, however, of using mixed-flow geometry lies in the scarcity of detailed data and documented design experience. This paper reports the design of a MFT stage designed with the intent to maximize aerodynamic performance by optimizing design parameters such as stage reaction, rotor incidence, flowpath shape, blade shape, vane geometry, and airfoil counts using 2-D, 3-D inviscid, and 3-D viscous computational fluid dynamics code. The aerodynamic optimization was accomplished while maintaining mechanical integrity with respect to vibration and stress levels in the rotor. A full-scale cold-flow rig test was performed with metallic hardware fabricated to the specifications of the hot ceramic geometry to evaluate the stage performance.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Neri, Remo N.
(Allied-Signal Aerospace Co. Phoenix, AZ, United States)
Elliott, Thomas J.
(Allied-Signal Aerospace Co. Phoenix, AZ, United States)
Marsh, David N.
(Allied-Signal Aerospace Co. Phoenix, AZ, United States)
Civinskas, Kestutis C.
(Allied-Signal Aerospace Co. Phoenix, AZ, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
March 1, 1994
Publication Information
Publication: AGARD, Technology Requirements for Small Gas Turbines
Subject Category
Aircraft Propulsion And Power
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
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