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Benchmarking processes for managing large international space programsThe relationship between management style and program costs is analyzed to determine the feasibility of financing large international space missions. The incorporation of management systems is considered to be essential to realizing low cost spacecraft and planetary surface systems. Several companies ranging from large Lockheed 'Skunk Works' to small companies including Space Industries, Inc., Rocket Research Corp., and Orbital Sciences Corp. were studied. It is concluded that to lower the prices, the ways in which spacecraft and hardware are developed must be changed. Benchmarking of successful low cost space programs has revealed a number of prescriptive rules for low cost managements, including major changes in the relationships between the public and private sectors.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Mandell, Humboldt C., Jr.
(NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Duke, Michael B.
(NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
October 1, 1993
Subject Category
Economics And Cost Analysis
Report/Patent Number
IAF PAPER 93-182
Meeting Information
IAF, International Astronautical Congress(Graz)
Accession Number
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