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Soyuz-TM-based interim Assured Crew Return Vehicle (ACRV) for the Space Station FreedomThe concept of using the available Soyuz-TM Assured Crew Return Vehicle (ACRV) spacecraft for the assurance of the safety of the Space Station Freedom (SSF) crew after the departure of the Space Shuttle from SSF was proposed by the NPO Energia and was accepted by NASA in 1992. The ACRV will provide the crew with the capability to evacuate a seriously injured/ill crewmember from the SSF to a ground-based care facility under medically tolerable conditions and with the capability for a safe evacuation from SSF in the events SSF becomes uninhabitable or the Space Shuttle flights are interrupted for a time that exceeds SSF ability for crew support and/or safe operations. This paper presents the main results of studies on Phase A (including studies on the service life of ACRV; spacecraft design and operations; prelaunch processing; mission support; safety, reliability, maintenance and quality and assurance; landing, and search/rescue operations; interfaces with the SSF and with Space Shuttle; crew accommodation; motion of orbital an service modules; and ACRV injection by the Expendable Launch Vehicles), along with the objectives of further work on the Phase B.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Semenov, Yu. P. (NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Babkov, Oleg I. (NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Timchenko, Vladimir A. (NPO Ehnergiya Moscow, Russia)
Craig, Jerry W. (NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
October 1, 1993
Subject Category
Report/Patent Number
IAF PAPER 93-640
Meeting Information
IAF, International Astronautical Congress(Graz)
Distribution Limits