Performance analysis and kernel size study of the Lynx real-time operating systemThis paper analyzes the Lynx real-time operating system (LynxOS), which has been selected as the operating system for the Space Station Freedom Data Management System (DMS). The features of LynxOS are compared to other Unix-based operating system (OS). The tools for measuring the performance of LynxOS, which include a high-speed digital timer/counter board, a device driver program, and an application program, are analyzed. The timings for interrupt response, process creation and deletion, threads, semaphores, shared memory, and signals are measured. The memory size of the DMS Embedded Data Processor (EDP) is limited. Besides, virtual memory is not suitable for real-time applications because page swap timing may not be deterministic. Therefore, the DMS software, including LynxOS, has to fit in the main memory of an EDP. To reduce the LynxOS kernel size, the following steps are taken: analyzing the factors that influence the kernel size; identifying the modules of LynxOS that may not be needed in an EDP; adjusting the system parameters of LynxOS; reconfiguring the device drivers used in the LynxOS; and analyzing the symbol table. The reductions in kernel disk size, kernel memory size and total kernel size reduction from each step mentioned above are listed and analyzed.
Liu, Yuan-Kwei (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Gibson, James S. (Recom Technologies, Inc. San Jose, CA, United States)
Fernquist, Alan R. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
August 16, 2013
January 1, 1993
Publication: In: AIAA Computing in Aerospace Conference, 9th, San Diego, CA, Oct. 19-21, 1993, Technical Papers. Pt. 1 (A94-11401 01-62)