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Magnetospheric electric fields and auroral ovalDC electric field variations in a synchronous orbit (GEOS 2) during four substorms in the time sector 19 to 01 LT were investigated. Simultaneously, the imaging photometer on board DE 1 provided auroral images that are also utilized. Substorm onset is defined here as a sudden appearance of large electric fields. During the growth phase, the orientation of the electric field begins to oscillate some 30 min prior to onset. About 10 min before the onset GEOS 2 starts moving into a more tenuous plasma, probably due to a thinning of the current sheet. The onset is followed by a period of 10 to 15 min during which large electric fields occur. This interval can be divided into two intervals. During the first interval, which lasts 4 to 8 min, very large fields of 8 to 20 mV/m are observed, while the second interval contains relatively large fields (2 to 5 mV/m). A few min after the onset, the spacecraft returns to a plasma region of higher electron fluxes which are usually larger than before substorm. Some 30 min after onset, enhanced activity, lasting about 10 min, appears in the electric field. One of the events selected offers a good opportunity to study the formation and development of the Westward Traveling Surge (WST). During the traversal of the leading edge of the WTS (approximately 8 min) a stable wave mode at 5.7 mHz is detected.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Laakso, Harri
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Pedersen, Arne
(European Space Agency. European Space Research and Technology Center ESTEC, Noordwijk, Netherlands)
Craven, John D.
(Alaska Univ. Fairbanks, AK., United States)
Frank, L. A.
(Iowa Univ. Iowa City, IA., United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
June 1, 1992
Publication Information
Publication: ESA, Substorms 1
Subject Category
Distribution Limits

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