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Recent improvements to and validation of the one dimensional NASA wave rotor modelA numerical model has been developed at the NASA Lewis Research Center which can predict both the unsteady flow quantities within a wave rotor passage and the steady averaged flows in the ports. The model is based on the assumptions of one-dimensional, unsteady, perfect gas flow. The model assesses not only the dominant wave behavior, but the loss effects of finite passage opening time, leakage from the passage ends, viscosity, and heat transfer to and from the passages. The model operates in the rotor reference frame; however, until recently no account was made for the often significant effect of the rotor circumferential velocity component. The present model accounts for this by modifying the passage boundary conditions, allowing the internal computational scheme to remain the rotor reference frame, while quantities such as inlet duct stagnation properties may be specified in the fixed or absolute reference frame. Accurate modeling of this effect is critical to successful wave rotor analysis and design, particularly in off-design predictions where the flows in the inlet ducts are mismatched with the rotor passages and significant turning may take place (i.e., work is done on the gas). The relative simplicity of the model makes it useful for design and optimization, as well as analysis, of wave rotor cycles for many applications. This report, building on several earlier papers, describes the most recent modifications to the model. These include accounting for the relative/absolute transition at the passage boundaries and refinements to the viscous source term correlation which resulted from this accounting. Comparison of model predictions with measured data is then presented and discussed.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Paxson, Daniel E.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Wilson, Jack
(NYMA, Inc. Cleveland, OH., United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 1995
Subject Category
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.15:106913
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: RTOP 505-62-50
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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