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Record Details

Record 13 of 324
Evidence for eddy formation in the eastern Arabian Sea during the northeast monsoon
External Online Source: doi:10.1029/94JC00035
Author and Affiliation:
Bruce, John G.(NASA Stennis Space Center, Stennis Space Center, MS, United States)
Johnson, Donald R.(NASA Stennis Space Center, Stennis Space Center, MS, United States)
Kindle, John C.(NASA Stennis Space Center, Stennis Space Center, MS, United States)
Abstract: The seasonal formation of a large (500-800 km diameter) anticyclonic eddy in the upper 300-400 m of the eastern Arabian Sea during the northest monsoon period (December-April) is indicated fom hydrographic and satellite altimetry sea level observations, as well as from numerical model experiments. The center of the eddy circulation is approximately 10 deg N, 70 deg E, just to the west of the north-south Laccadive Island chain. In this paper the eddy is called the Laccadive High (LH). In some ways it is like a mirrorlike counterpart to the Great Whirl that develops during the southwest monsoon of the Somali coast (western Arabian Sea). The LH occurs at the same latitude but on the opposite side of the basin during the reversed monsoon. It is different from the Great Whirl, however, in its formation process, its intensity, and its decay. The hydrographic data obtained from surveys all during a single season give sufficiently close station spacing to allow reasonable contouring of the geopotential surfaces and of the properties within and around the LH region with minimum time aliasing. The Geostat altimeter record extends over 4 years, during which the seasonal variability of the LH indicates a dynamic relief of approximately 15-20 cm, which is in good agreement with the hydrographics observations. The altimetry time series also suggests a westward translation of the LH by January with a subsequent dissipation in midbasin. The model used is a wind-forced three-layer primitive equation model which depicts a LH agreement with the timing, position, and amplitude of both the hydrographic and altimetric measurements. The numerical simulation includes a passive tracer located in the Western Bay of Bengal; the western advection of the tracer around the south coasts of Sri Lanka and India in December and January is consistent with the appearance of low-salinity water observed to extend into the Arabian Sea during this period. The modeling studies suggest that both local and remote forcing are important in formation of the LH.
Publication Date: Apr 15, 1994
Document ID:
19950029631
(Acquired Dec 28, 1995)
Accession Number: 95A61230
Subject Category: OCEANOGRAPHY
Document Type: Journal Article
Publication Information: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 99; C4; p. 7651-7664
Publisher Information: United States
Contract/Grant/Task Num: ONR-61153N; NRL/JA/7332-93-0010
Financial Sponsor: United States
Organization Source: NASA Stennis Space Center; Stennis Space Center, MS, United States
Description: 14p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright
NASA Terms: ANTICYCLONES; ARABIAN SEA; CLIMATOLOGY; HYDROGRAPHY; INDIAN OCEAN; MONSOONS; OCEANOGRAPHY; SATELLITE ALTIMETRY; TROPICAL METEOROLOGY; WIND EFFECTS; ADVECTION; ANNUAL VARIATIONS; ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE; INTERTROPICAL CONVERGENT ZONES; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; OCEAN CURRENTS; OCEAN TEMPERATURE; SALINITY; TIME SERIES ANALYSIS
Imprint And Other Notes: Journal of Geophysical Research vol. 99, no. C4 p. 7651-7664 April 15, 1994
Miscellaneous Notes: Research sponsored by the Minerals Management Service
Availability Source: Other Sources
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