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cold dark matter. 1: the formation of dark halosWe use numerical simulations of critically closed cold dark matter (CDM) models to study the effects of numerical resolution on observable quantities. We study simulations with up to 256(exp 3) particles using the particle-mesh (PM) method and with up to 144(exp 3) particles using the adaptive particle-particle-mesh (P3M) method. Comparisons of galaxy halo distributions are made among the various simulations. We also compare distributions with observations, and we explore methods for identifying halos, including a new algorithm that finds all particles within closed contours of the smoothed density field surrounding a peak. The simulated halos show more substructure than predicted by the Press-Schechter theory. We are able to rule out all omega = 1 CDM models for linear amplitude sigma(sub 8) greater than or approximately = 0.5 because the simulations produce too many massive halos compared with the observations. The simulations also produce too many low-mass halos. The distribution of halos characterized by their circular velocities for the P3M simulations is in reasonable agreement with the observations for 150 km/s less than or = V(sub circ) less than or = 350 km/s.
Document ID
19950037382
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Authors
Gelb, James M.
(MIT, Cambridge, MA United States)
Bertschinger, Edmund
(MIT, Cambridge, MA United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
December 1, 1994
Publication Information
Publication: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1
Volume: 436
Issue: 2
ISSN: 0004-637X
Subject Category
ASTROPHYSICS
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAGW-2381
CONTRACT_GRANT: NSF AST-90-01762
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other