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A multiparametric analysis of the Einstein sample of early-type galaxies. 1: Luminosity and ISM parametersWe have conducted bivariate and multivariate statistical analysis of data measuring the luminosity and interstellar medium of the Einstein sample of early-type galaxies (presented by Fabbiano, Kim, & Trinchieri 1992). We find a strong nonlinear correlation between L(sub B) and L(sub X), with a power-law slope of 1.8 +/- 0.1, steepening to 2.0 +/- if we do not consider the Local Group dwarf galaxies M32 and NGC 205. Considering only galaxies with log L(sub X) less than or equal to 40.5, we instead find a slope of 1.0 +/- 0.2 (with or without the Local Group dwarfs). Although E and S0 galaxies have consistent slopes for their L(sub B)-L(sub X) relationships, the mean values of the distribution functions of both L(sub X) and L(sub X)/L(sub B) for the S0 galaxies are lower than those for the E galaxies at the 2.8 sigma and 3.5 sigma levels, respectively. We find clear evidence for a correlation between L(sub X) and the X-ray color C(sub 21), defined by Kim, Fabbiano, & Trinchieri (1992b), which indicates that X-ray luminosity is correlated with the spectral shape below 1 keV in the sense that low-L(sub X) systems have relatively large contributions from a soft component compared with high-L(sub X) systems. We find evidence from our analysis of the 12 micron IRAS data for our sample that our S0 sample has excess 12 micron emission compared with the E sample, scaled by their optical luminosities. This may be due to emission from dust heated in star-forming regions in S0 disks. This interpretation is reinforced by the existence of a strong L(sub 12)-L(sub 100) correlation for our S0 sample that is not found for the E galaxies, and by an analysis of optical-IR colors. We find steep slopes for power-law relationships between radio luminosity and optical, X-ray, and far-IR (FIR) properties. This last point argues that the presence of an FIR-emitting interstellar medium (ISM) in early-type galaxies is coupled to their ability to generate nonthermal radio continuum, as previously argued by, e.g., Walsh et al. (1989). We also find that, for a given L(sub 100), galaxies with larger L(sub X)/L(sub B) tend to be stronger nonthermal radio sources, as originally suggested by Kim & Fabbiano (1990). We note that, while L(sub B) is most strongly correlated with L(sub 6), the total radio luminosity, both L(sub X) and L(sub X)/L(sub B) are more strongly correlated with L(sub 6 CO), the core radio luminosity. These points support the argument (proposed by Fabbiano, Gioia, & Trinchieri 1989) that radio cores in early-type galaxies are fueled by the hot ISM.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Eskridge, Paul B.
(Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA United States)
Fabbiano, Giuseppina
(Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA United States)
Kim, Dong-Woo
(Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
March 1, 1995
Publication Information
Publication: Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
Volume: 97
Issue: 1
ISSN: 0067-0049
Subject Category
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: KOSEF-923-0200-007-2
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