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The influence of land surface properties on Sahel climate. Part 1: DesertificationThis is a general circulation model sensitivity study of the physical mechanisms of the effects of desertification on the Sahel drought. The model vegetation types were changed in the prescribed desertification area, which led to changes in the surface characteristics. The model was integrated for three months (June, July, August) with climatological surface conditions (control) and desertification conditions (anomaly) to examine the summer season response to the changed surface conditions. The control and anomaly experiments consisted of five pairs of integrations with different initial conditions and/or sea surface temperature boundary conditions. In the desertification experiment, the moisture flux convergence and rainfall were reduced in the test area and increased to the immediate south of this area. The simulated anomaly dipole pattern was similar to the observed African drought patterns in which the axis of the maximum rainfall shifts to the south. The circulation changes in the desertification experiment were consistent with those observed during sub-Saharan dry years. The tropical easterly jet was weaker and the African easterly jet was stronger than normal. Further, in agreement with the observations, the easterly wave disturbances were reduced in intensity but not in number. Descending motion dominated the desertification area. The surface energy budget and hydrological cycle were also changed substantially in the anomaly experiment.
Document ID
19950051156
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Xue, Yongkang (Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies, Calverton, MD United States)
Shukla, Jagadish (Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies, Calverton, MD United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
December 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Climate
Volume: 6
Issue: 12
ISSN: 0894-8755
Subject Category
METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NSF ATM-90-19296
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAGW-557
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAGW-1269
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other