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A new method of presentation the large-scale magnetic field structure on the Sun and solar coronaThe large-scale photospheric magnetic field, measured at Stanford, has been analyzed in terms of surface harmonics. Changes of the photospheric field which occur within whole solar rotation period can be resolved by this analysis. For this reason we used daily magnetograms of the line-of-sight magnetic field component observed from Earth over solar disc. We have estimated the period during which day-to-day full disc magnetograms must be collected. An original algorithm was applied to resolve time variations of spherical harmonics that reflect time evolution of large-scale magnetic field within solar rotation period. This method of magnetic field presentation can be useful enough in lack of direct magnetograph observations due to sometimes bad weather conditions. We have used the calculated surface harmonics to reconstruct the large-scale magnetic field structure on the source surface near the sun - the origin of heliospheric current sheet and solar wind streams. The obtained results have been compared with spacecraft in situ observations and geomagnetic activity. We tried to show that proposed technique can trace shon-time variations of heliospheric current sheet and short-lived solar wind streams. We have compared also our results with those obtained traditionally from potential field approximation and extrapolation using synoptic charts as initial boundary conditions.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Ponyavin, D. I.
(Saint Petersburg State Univ. Saint Petersburg, Russia)
Date Acquired
August 17, 2013
Publication Date
June 30, 1995
Publication Information
Publication: International Solar Wind 8 Conference
Subject Category
Solar Physics
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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