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Fault Diagnosis of Power Systems Using Intelligent SystemsThe power system operator's need for a reliable power delivery system calls for a real-time or near-real-time Al-based fault diagnosis tool. Such a tool will allow NASA ground controllers to re-establish a normal or near-normal degraded operating state of the EPS (a DC power system) for Space Station Alpha by isolating the faulted branches and loads of the system. And after isolation, re-energizing those branches and loads that have been found not to have any faults in them. A proposed solution involves using the Fault Diagnosis Intelligent System (FDIS) to perform near-real time fault diagnosis of Alpha's EPS by downloading power transient telemetry at fault-time from onboard data loggers. The FDIS uses an ANN clustering algorithm augmented with a wavelet transform feature extractor. This combination enables this system to perform pattern recognition of the power transient signatures to diagnose the fault type and its location down to the orbital replaceable unit. FDIS has been tested using a simulation of the LeRC Testbed Space Station Freedom configuration including the topology from the DDCU's to the electrical loads attached to the TPDU's. FDIS will work in conjunction with the Power Management Load Scheduler to determine what the state of the system was at the time of the fault condition. This information is used to activate the appropriate diagnostic section, and to refine if necessary the solution obtained. In the latter case, if the FDIS reports back that it is equally likely that the faulty device as 'start tracker #1' and 'time generation unit,' then based on a priori knowledge of the system's state, the refined solution would be 'star tracker #1' located in cabinet ITAS2. It is concluded from the present studies that artificial intelligence diagnostic abilities are improved with the addition of the wavelet transform, and that when such a system such as FDIS is coupled to the Power Management Load Scheduler, a faulty device can be located and isolated from the rest of the system. The benefit of these studies provides NASA with the ability to quickly restore the operating status of a space station from a critical state to a safe degraded mode, thereby saving costs in experimentation rescheduling, fault diagnostics, and prevention of loss-of-life.
Document ID
19960052316
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Momoh, James A.
(Howard Univ. Washington, DC United States)
Oliver, Walter E. , Jr.
(Howard Univ. Washington, DC United States)
Date Acquired
August 17, 2013
Publication Date
July 1, 1996
Publication Information
Publication: HBCUs Research Conference Agenda and Abstracts
Subject Category
Quality Assurance And Reliability
Report/Patent Number
Paper-20
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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