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multigrid methods for fully implicit oil reservoir simulationIn this paper we consider the simultaneous flow of oil and water in reservoir rock. This displacement process is modeled by two basic equations: the material balance or continuity equations and the equation of motion (Darcy's law). For the numerical solution of this system of nonlinear partial differential equations there are two approaches: the fully implicit or simultaneous solution method and the sequential solution method. In the sequential solution method the system of partial differential equations is manipulated to give an elliptic pressure equation and a hyperbolic (or parabolic) saturation equation. In the IMPES approach the pressure equation is first solved, using values for the saturation from the previous time level. Next the saturations are updated by some explicit time stepping method; this implies that the method is only conditionally stable. For the numerical solution of the linear, elliptic pressure equation multigrid methods have become an accepted technique. On the other hand, the fully implicit method is unconditionally stable, but it has the disadvantage that in every time step a large system of nonlinear algebraic equations has to be solved. The most time-consuming part of any fully implicit reservoir simulator is the solution of this large system of equations. Usually this is done by Newton's method. The resulting systems of linear equations are then either solved by a direct method or by some conjugate gradient type method. In this paper we consider the possibility of applying multigrid methods for the iterative solution of the systems of nonlinear equations. There are two ways of using multigrid for this job: either we use a nonlinear multigrid method or we use a linear multigrid method to deal with the linear systems that arise in Newton's method. So far only a few authors have reported on the use of multigrid methods for fully implicit simulations. Two-level FAS algorithm is presented for the black-oil equations, and linear multigrid for two-phase flow problems with strong heterogeneities and anisotropies is studied. Here we consider both possibilities. Moreover we present a novel way for constructing the coarse grid correction operator in linear multigrid algorithms. This approach has the advantage in that it preserves the sparsity pattern of the fine grid matrix and it can be extended to systems of equations in a straightforward manner. We compare the linear and nonlinear multigrid algorithms by means of a numerical experiment.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Molenaar, J.
(Technische Univ. Delft, Netherlands)
Date Acquired
August 17, 2013
Publication Date
September 1, 1996
Publication Information
Publication: Seventh Copper Mountain Conference on Multigrid Methods
Subject Category
Numerical Analysis
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle19970006595Analytic PrimarySeventh Copper Mountain Conference on Multigrid Methods
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