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A Comparison of the Physiology and Mechanics of Exercise in LBNP and Upright GaitBone, muscular strength, aerobic capacity, and normal fluid pressure gradients within the body are lost during bed rest and spaceflight. Lower Body Negative Pressure (LBNP) exercise may create musculoskeletal and cardiovascular strains equal to a greater than those experienced on Earth and elucidate some of the mechanisms for maintaining bone integrity. LBNP exercise simulates gravity during supine posture by using negative pressure to pull subjects inward against a treadmill generating footward forces and increasing transmural pressures. Footward forces are generated which equal the product of the pressure differential and the cross-sectional area of the LBNP waist seal. Subjects lie supine within the chamber with their legs suspended from one another via cuffs, bungee cords, and pulleys, such that each leg acts as a counterweight to the other leg during the gait cycle. The subjects then walk or run on a treadmill which is positioned vertically within the chamber. Supine orientation allows only footward force production due to the negative pressure within the chamber. The purpose of this study was to determine if the kinematics, kinetics, and metabolic rate during supine walking and slow running on a vertical treadmill within LBNP are similar to those on a treadmill in 1-g environment in an upright posture.
Document ID
19970010163
Document Type
Other
Authors
Boda, W. L. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Watenpaugh, D. E. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Ballard, R. E. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Chang, D. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Looft-Wilson, R. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Hargens, A. R. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Date Acquired
August 17, 2013
Publication Date
October 1, 1996
Subject Category
Aerospace Medicine
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle19970010146Analytic Primary1996 NASA-ASEE-Stanford Summer Faculty Fellowship Program
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