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Language in Comparative Perspective. Chapter 11
Offline Availability: Go to Request Form
Author and Affiliation:
Rumbaugh, Duane M.(Georgia State Univ., Atlanta, GA United States);
Savage-Rumbaugh, E. Sue(Georgia State Univ., Atlanta, GA United States);
et al.
Abstract: The twentieth century will be noted for a wide variety of scientific and technological advancements, including powered flight, antibiotics, space travel, and the breaking of the genetic code. It also should be noted as the century in which major psychological, as well as biological, continuities between animal and human have been defined. Charles Darwin (1859) was quite right when he anticipated continuity in mental processes, some of which provide for language. Though none will argue that any animal has the full capacity of humans for language, none should deny that at least some animals have quite impressive competencies for language skills, including speech comprehension. The finding that the language skills in the bonobo and the chimpanzee are likely more fully and efficiently developed as a result of early rearing than by formal training at a later age declares a continuity even stronger than that defined by the language acquisition potential of the ape. To clarify, because early rearing facilitates the emergence of language in ape as well as in child, a naturalness to the familiar course of language acquisition, whereby comprehension precedes production, is also corroborated. In turn, the continuity and the shared naturalness of language acquisition serve jointly to define an advanced and critical point of linkage between the genera Pan and Homo - and, as concluded by Domjan (1993), one worthy of contributing to the series of reconceptions of ourselves as anticipated by Ploog and Melnechuk (1971).
Publication Date: Jan 01, 1994
Document ID:
19970031213
(Acquired Oct 29, 1997)
Accession Number: 97N72352
Subject Category: COMMUNICATIONS AND RADAR
Report/Patent Number: NASA-CR-203789, NAS 1.26:203789
Document Type: Reprint
Publication Information: Animal Learning and Cognition; 307-331
Publisher Information: Academic Press, Inc., United States
Contract/Grant/Task Num: NAG2-438; NIH-HD-06016
Financial Sponsor: NASA Ames Research Center; Moffett Field, CA United States
National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development; Bethesda, MD United States
Georgia State Univ.; College of Arts and Sciences; Atlanta, GA United States
Organization Source: Georgia State Univ.; Atlanta, GA United States
Description: 28p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright; Distribution as joint owner in the copyright
NASA Terms: MENTAL PERFORMANCE; LANGUAGES; PHYSIOLOGICAL TESTS; BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION; ANIMALS; LINKAGES; GENETIC CODE; CRITICAL POINT; EDUCATION; CHIMPANZEES
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