NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

Back to Results
The Feasibility of Bulk Crystallization as an Industrial Purification and Production Technique for ProteinsBulk crystallization in stirred vessels is used industrially for the recovery and purification of many inorganic and organic materials. Although much has been written on the crystallization of proteins for X-ray diffraction analysis, very little has been reported on the application of bulk crystallization in stirred vessels. In this study, a 1-liter, seeded, stirred, batch crystallizer was used with ovalbumin as a model protein to test the feasibility of this crystallization method as a recovery and purification process for proteins. Results were obtained for ovalbumin solubility, nucleation thresholds, crystal breakage and crystal growth kinetics in bulk solution under a range of operating conditions of pH and ammonium sulphate concentration (Judge et al., 1996). Experiments were also performed to determine the degree of purification that can be achieved by the crystallization of ovalbumin from a mixture of proteins. The effect of the presence of these proteins upon the ovalbumin crystal growth kinetics was also investigated (Judge et al., 1995). All of these aspects are essential for the design of bulk crystallization processes which have not previously been reported for proteins. Results from a second study that investigated the effect of structurally different proteins on the solubility, crystal growth rates and crystal purity of chicken egg white lysozyme are also presented (Judge et al., 1997). In this case face growth rates were measured using lysozyme purified by liquid chromatography and the effect of the addition of specific protein impurities were observed on the (110) and (101) crystal faces. In these two studies the results are presented to show the feasibility and purifying ability of crystallization as a production process for proteins.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Judge, Russell A. (Alabama Univ. Huntsville, AL United States)
Forsythe, Elizabeth L. (Universities Space Research Association Huntsville, AL United States)
Johns, Michael R. (Queensland Univ. Saint Lucia, Australia)
Pusey, Marc L. (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL United States)
White, Edward T. (Queensland Univ. Brisbane, Australia)
Date Acquired
August 19, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1998
Subject Category
Chemistry and Materials (General)
Meeting Information
Crystallization of Biological Macromolecules(Granada)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.