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Network and User-Perceived Performance of Web Page RetrievalsThe development of the HTTP protocol has been driven by the need to improve the network performance of the protocol by allowing the efficient retrieval of multiple parts of a web page without the need for multiple simultaneous TCP connections between a client and a server. We suggest that the retrieval of multiple page elements sequentially over a single TCP connection may result in a degradation of the perceived performance experienced by the user. We attempt to quantify this perceived degradation through the use of a model which combines a web retrieval simulation and an analytical model of TCP operation. Starting with the current HTTP/l.1 specification, we first suggest a client@side heuristic to improve the perceived transfer performance. We show that the perceived speed of the page retrieval can be increased without sacrificing data transfer efficiency. We then propose a new client/server extension to the HTTP/l.1 protocol to allow for the interleaving of page element retrievals. We finally address the issue of the display of advertisements on web pages, and in particular suggest a number of mechanisms which can make efficient use of IP multicast to send advertisements to a number of clients within the same network.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Kruse, Hans (Ohio Univ. Columbus, OH United States)
Allman, Mark (Sterling Software, Inc. Cleveland, OH United States)
Mallasch, Paul (NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH United States)
Date Acquired
August 19, 2013
Publication Date
November 1, 1998
Publication Information
Publication: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Telecommunications
Subject Category
Computer Systems
Meeting Information
Telecommunications and Electronic Commerce(Nashville, TN)
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits