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Multidisciplinary Optimization of Tilt Rotor Blades Using Comprehensive Composite Modeling TechniqueAn optimization procedure is developed for addressing the design of composite tilt rotor blades. A comprehensive technique, based on a higher-order laminate theory, is developed for the analysis of the thick composite load-carrying sections, modeled as box beams, in the blade. The theory, which is based on a refined displacement field, is a three-dimensional model which approximates the elasticity solution so that the beam cross-sectional properties are not reduced to one-dimensional beam parameters. Both inplane and out-of-plane warping are included automatically in the formulation. The model can accurately capture the transverse shear stresses through the thickness of each wall while satisfying stress free boundary conditions on the inner and outer surfaces of the beam. The aerodynamic loads on the blade are calculated using the classical blade element momentum theory. Analytical expressions for the lift and drag are obtained based on the blade planform with corrections for the high lift capability of rotor blades. The aerodynamic analysis is coupled with the structural model to formulate the complete coupled equations of motion for aeroelastic analyses. Finally, a multidisciplinary optimization procedure is developed to improve the aerodynamic, structural and aeroelastic performance of the tilt rotor aircraft. The objective functions include the figure of merit in hover and the high speed cruise propulsive efficiency. Structural, aerodynamic and aeroelastic stability criteria are imposed as constraints on the problem. The Kreisselmeier-Steinhauser function is used to formulate the multiobjective function problem. The search direction is determined by the Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno algorithm. The optimum results are compared with the baseline values and show significant improvements in the overall performance of the tilt rotor blade.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Ames Research Center
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Chattopadhyay, Aditi
(Arizona State Univ. Tempe, AZ United States)
McCarthy, Thomas R.
(Arizona State Univ. Tempe, AZ United States)
Rajadas, John N.
(Arizona State Univ. Tempe, AZ United States)
Date Acquired
August 19, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1997
Subject Category
Aircraft Design, Testing And Performance
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits

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