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Use of On-Line Tracers as a Diagnostic Tool in General Circulation Model DevelopmentA key component of climate/chemistry modeling is how to handle the influx into (and egress from) the troposphere. This is especially important when considering tropospheric ozone, and its precursors (e.g., NO(x) from aircraft). A study has been conducted with various GISS models to determine the minimum requirements necessary for producing realistic troposphere-stratosphere exchange. Four on-line tracers are employed: CFC-11 and SF6 for mixing from the troposphere into the stratosphere, Rn222 for vertical mixing within the troposphere, and 14C for mixing from the stratosphere into the troposphere. Four standard models are tested, with varying vertical resolution, gravity wave drag and location of the model top, and additional subsidiary models are employed to examine specific features. The results show that proper vertical transport between the troposphere and stratosphere in the GISS models requires lifting the top of the model considerably out of the stratosphere, and including gravity wave drag in the lower stratosphere. Increased vertical resolution without these aspects does not improve troposphere-stratosphere exchange. The transport appears to be driven largely by the residual circulation within the stratosphere; associated E-P flux convergences require both realistic upward propagating energy from the troposphere, and realistic pass-through possibilities. A 23 layer version with a top at the mesopause and incorporating gravity wave drag appears to have reasonable stratospheric-tropospheric exchange, in terms of both the resulting tracer distributions and atmospheric mass fluxes.
Document ID
Document Type
Preprint (Draft being sent to journal)
Rind, David H.
(NASA Goddard Inst. for Space Studies New York, NY United States)
Lerner, Jean
(Science Systems and Applications, Inc. New York, NY United States)
Shah, Kathy
(Columbia Univ. New York, NY United States)
Suozzo, Robert
(Columbia Univ. New York, NY United States)
Date Acquired
August 19, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1999
Subject Category
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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