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Nondestructive Evaluation of the Friction Weld Process on 2195/2219 Grade AluminumIn 1996, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center began an ambitious program designed to find alternative methods of repairing conventional TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) welds and VPPA (Variable Polarity Plasma Arc) welds on the Space Shuttle External Tank without producing additional heat-related anomalies or conditions. Therefore, a relatively new method, invented by The Welding Institute (TWI) in Cambridge, England, called Friction Stir Welding (FSW), was investigated for use in this application, as well as being used potentially as an initial weld process. As with the conventional repair welding processes, nondestructive evaluation (NDE) plays a crucial role in the verification of these repairs. Since it was feared that conventional NDE might have trouble with this type of weld structure (due to shape of nugget, grain structure, etc.) it was imperative that a complete study be performed to address the adequacy of the NDE process. This paper summarizes that process.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Suits, Michael W. (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL United States)
Clark, Linda S. (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL United States)
Cox, Dwight E. (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL United States)
Date Acquired
August 19, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1999
Subject Category
Mechanical Engineering
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.