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In Situ Monitoring of Crystal Growth Using MEPHISTO, Mission STS 87-Program USMP-4: Experimental AnalysisThis report summarizes the results of the In situ Monitoring of Crystal Growth Using MEPHISTO (Material por l'Etude des Phenomenes Interessant de la Solidification sur Terre et en Orbite) experiment on USMP-4. The report includes microstructural and compositional data obtained during the first year of the post flight analysis, as well as numerical simulation of the flight experiment. Additional analyses are being continued and will be reported in the near future. The experiments utilized MEPHISTO hardware to study the solidification and melting behavior of bismuth alloyed with 1 at% tin. The experiments involved repeated melting and solidification of three samples, each approximately 90 cm long and 6mm in diameter. Half of each sample also included a 2 mm. diameter growth capillary, to assist in the formation of single grain inside. One sample provided the Seebeck voltage generated during melting and freezing processes. Another one provided temperature data and Peltier pulsed demarcation of the interface shape for post flight analysis. The third sample provided resistance and velocity measurements, as well as additional thermal data. The third sample was also quenched at the end of the mission to preserve the interface composition for post flight determination. A total of more than 45cm of directionally solidified alloy were directionally solidified at the end of the flight for post mission structural and compositional characterization. Metallurgical analysis of the samples has shown that the interfacial kinetics play a key role in controlling the morphological stability of faceted alloys. Substantial differences were observed in the Seebeck signal between the ground-based experiments and the space-based experiments. The temperature gradient in the liquid for the ground-based experiments was also significantly lower than the temperature gradient in the liquid for the space-based experiments. Both of these observations indicate significant influence of liquid convection for the ground-based experiments.
Document ID
20000010696
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Abbaschian, Reza (Florida Univ. Gainesville, FL United States)
Chen, F. (Florida Univ. Gainesville, FL United States)
Mileham, J. R. (Florida Univ. Gainesville, FL United States)
deGroh, H., III (NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH United States)
Timchenko, V. (New South Wales Univ. Sydney, Australia)
Leonardi, E. (New South Wales Univ. Sydney, Australia)
deVahlDavis, G. (New South Wales Univ. Sydney, Australia)
Coriell, S. (National Inst. of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, MD United States)
Cambon, G. (Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales Toulouse, France)
Date Acquired
August 19, 2013
Publication Date
September 1, 1999
Publication Information
Publication: Fourth United States Microgravity Payload: One Year Report
Subject Category
Solid-State Physics
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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