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Psychological Selection of NASA Astronauts for International Space Station MissionsDuring the upcoming manned International Space Station (ISS) missions, astronauts will encounter the unique conditions of living and working with a multicultural crew in a confined and isolated space environment. The environmental, social, and mission-related challenges of these missions will require crewmembers to emphasize effective teamwork, leadership, group living and self-management to maintain the morale and productivity of the crew. The need for crew members to possess and display skills and behaviors needed for successful adaptability to ISS missions led us to upgrade the tools and procedures we use for astronaut selection. The upgraded tools include personality and biographical data measures. Content and construct-related validation techniques were used to link upgraded selection tools to critical skills needed for ISS missions. The results of these validation efforts showed that various personality and biographical data variables are related to expert and interview ratings of critical ISS skills. Upgraded and planned selection tools better address the critical skills, demands, and working conditions of ISS missions and facilitate the selection of astronauts who will more easily cope and adapt to ISS flights.
Document ID
20000085939
Document Type
Preprint (Draft being sent to journal)
Authors
Galarza, Laura
(Wyle Labs., Inc. United States)
Date Acquired
August 19, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1999
Subject Category
Behavioral Sciences
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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