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Measurement of the Surface Dilatational Viscosity of an Insoluble Surfactant Monolayer at the Air/Water Interface Using a Pendant Drop ApparatusWhen a fluid interface with surfactants is at rest, the interfacial stress is isotropic (as given by the equilibrium interfacial tension), and is described by the equation of state which relates the surface tension to the surfactant surface concentration. When surfactants are subjected to shear and dilatational flows, flow induced interaction of the surfactants; can create interfacial stresses apart from the equilibrium surface tension. The simplest relationship between surface strain rate and surface stress is the Boussinesq-Scriven constitutive equation completely characterized by three coefficients: equilibrium interfacial tension, surface shear viscosity, and surface dilatational viscosity Equilibrium interfacial tension and surface shear viscosity measurements are very well established. On the other hand, surface dilatational viscosity measurements are difficult because a flow which change the surface area also changes the surfactant surface concentration creating changes in the equilibrium interfacial tension that must be also taken into account. Surface dilatational viscosity measurements of existing techniques differ by five orders of magnitude and use spatially damped surface waves and rapidly expanding bubbles. In this presentation we introduce a new technique for measuring the surface dilatational viscosity by contracting an aqueous pendant drop attached to a needle tip and having and insoluble surfactant monolayer at the air-water interface. The isotropic total tension on the surface consists of the equilibrium surface tension and the tension due to the dilation. Compression rates are undertaken slow enough so that bulk hydrodynamic stresses are small compared to the surface tension force. Under these conditions we show that the total tension is uniform along the surface and that the Young-Laplace equation governs the drop shape with the equilibrium surface tension replaced by the constant surface isotropic stress. We illustrate this technique using DPPC as the insoluble surfacant monolayer and measured for it a surface dilatational viscosity in the LE phase that is 20 surface poise.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Lorenzo, Jose (City Coll. of the City Univ. of New York NY United States)
Couzis, Alex (City Coll. of the City Univ. of New York NY United States)
Maldarelli, Charles (City Coll. of the City Univ. of New York NY United States)
Singh, Bhim S.
Date Acquired
August 20, 2013
Publication Date
August 1, 2000
Publication Information
Publication: HBCUs/OMUs Research Conference Agenda and Abstracts
Subject Category
Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle20010012143Analytic PrimaryHBCUs/OMUs Research Conference Agenda and Abstracts