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Structural Modeling Using "Scanning and Mapping" TechniqueSupported by NASA Glenn Center, we are in the process developing a structural damage diagnostic and monitoring system for rocket engines, which consists of five modules: Structural Modeling, Measurement Data Pre-Processor, Structural System Identification, Damage Detection Criterion, and Computer Visualization. The function of the system is to detect damage as it is incurred by the engine structures. The scientific principle to identify damage is to utilize the changes in the vibrational properties between the pre-damaged and post-damaged structures. The vibrational properties of the pre-damaged structure can be obtained based on an analytic computer model of the structure. Thus, as the first stage of the whole research plan, we currently focus on the first module - Structural Modeling. Three computer software packages are selected, and will be integrated for this purpose. They are PhotoModeler-Pro, AutoCAD-R14, and MSC/NASTRAN. AutoCAD is the most popular PC-CAD system currently available in the market. For our purpose, it plays like an interface to generate structural models of any particular engine parts or assembly, which is then passed to MSC/NASTRAN for extracting structural dynamic properties. Although AutoCAD is a powerful structural modeling tool, the complexity of engine components requires a further improvement in structural modeling techniques. We are working on a so-called "scanning and mapping" technique, which is a relatively new technique. The basic idea is to producing a full and accurate 3D structural model by tracing on multiple overlapping photographs taken from different angles. There is no need to input point positions, angles, distances or axes. Photographs can be taken by any types of cameras with different lenses. With the integration of such a modeling technique, the capability of structural modeling will be enhanced. The prototypes of any complex structural components will be produced by PhotoModeler first based on existing similar components, then passed to AutoCAD for modification and correction of any discrepancies seen in the Photomodeler version of the 3Dmodel. These three software packages are fully compatible. The DXF file can be used to transfer drawings among those packages. To begin this entire process, we are using a small replica of an actual engine blade as a test object. This paper introduces the accomplishment of our recent work.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Amos, Courtney L. (North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State Univ. Greensboro, NC United States)
Dash, Gerald S. (North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State Univ. Greensboro, NC United States)
Shen, J. Y. (North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State Univ. Greensboro, NC United States)
Ferguson, Frederick (North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State Univ. Greensboro, NC United States)
Noga, Donald F.
Date Acquired
August 20, 2013
Publication Date
August 1, 2000
Publication Information
Publication: HBCUs/OMUs Research Conference Agenda and Abstracts
Subject Category
Spacecraft Propulsion and Power
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle20010012143Analytic PrimaryHBCUs/OMUs Research Conference Agenda and Abstracts