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Utilization of Infrared Fiber Optic in the Automotive IndustryFiber optics are finding a place in the automotive industry. Illumination is the primary application today. Soon, however, fiber optics will be used for data communications and sensing applications. Silica fiber optics and plastic fibers are sufficient for illumination and communication applications however, sensing applications involving high temperature measurement and remote gas analysis would benefit from the use of infrared fiber optics. Chalcogonide and heavy metal fluoride glass optical fibers are two good candidates for these applications. Heavy metal fluoride optical fibers are being investigated by NASA for applications requiring transmission in the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Zirconium-Barium-Lanthanum-Aluminum-Sodium-Fluoride (ZBLAN) is one such material which has been investigated. This material has a theoretical attenuation coefficient 100 times lower than that of silica and transmits into the mid-IR. However, the measured attenuation coefficient is higher than silica due to impurities and crystallization. Impurities can be taken care of by utilizing cleaner experimental protocol. It has been found that crystallization can be suppressed by processing in reduced gravity. Fibers processed in reduced gravity on the KC135 reduced gravity aircraft were found to be free of crystals while those processed on the ground were found to have crystals. These results will be presented along with plans for producing continuous lengths of ZBLAN optical fiber on board the International Space Station.
Document ID
20010020949
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Tucker, Dennis S. (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL United States)
Brantley, Lott W.
Date Acquired
August 20, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2001
Subject Category
Nonmetallic Materials
Meeting Information
International Glass Processing Days(Tampere)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.