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Towards LES Models of Jets and PlumesAs pointed out by Rodi standard integral solutions for jets and plumes developed for discharge into infinite, quiescent ambient are difficult to extend to complex situations, particularly in the presence of boundaries such as the sea floor or ocean surface. In such cases the assumption of similarity breaks down and it is impossible to find a suitable entrainment coefficient. The models are also incapable of describing any but the most slowly varying unsteady motions. There is therefore a need for full time-dependent modeling of the flow field for which there are three main approaches: (1) Reynolds averaged numerical simulation (RANS), (2) large eddy simulation (LES), and (3) direct numerical simulation (DNS). Rodi applied RANS modeling to both jets and plumes with considerable success, the test being a match with experimental data for time-averaged velocity and temperature profiles as well as turbulent kinetic energy and rms axial turbulent velocity fluctuations. This model still relies on empirical constants, some eleven in the case of the buoyant jet, and so would not be applicable to a partly laminar plume, may have limited use in the presence of boundaries, and would also be unsuitable if one is after details of the unsteady component of the flow (the turbulent eddies). At the other end of the scale DNS modeling includes all motions down to the viscous scales. Boersma et al. have built such a model for the non-buoyant case which also compares well with measured data for mean and turbulent velocity components. The model demonstrates its versatility by application to a laminar flow case. As its name implies, DNS directly models the Navier-Stokes equations without recourse to subgrid modeling so for flows with a broad spectrum of motions (high Re) the cost can be prohibitive - the number of required grid points scaling with Re(exp 9/4) and the number of time steps with Re(exp 3/4). The middle road is provided by LES whereby the Navier-Stokes equations are formally filtered with the filter chosen to only exclude the smallest turbulent motions. If successful, LES should provide much of the detail available to DNS but at more bearable cost. Fatica et al. in comparing LES with DNS for a low Reynolds number jet showed that the LES could simulate the temporally evolving behavior including growth of the jet thickness. It is the intention of this report to explore the application of an LES model to jets and plumes. As always, before tackling complex situations, the model must be tested for the simplest of cases and so we address only two, a non-buoyant axisymmetric jet issuing steadily from an orifice into a semi-infinite stationary environment and a buoyant jet in the same environment. The work is a continuation of Basu and Mansour.
Document ID
Document Type
Webb, A. T.
(New South Wales Univ. Australia)
Mansour, N. N.
(NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Date Acquired
August 20, 2013
Publication Date
December 1, 2000
Publication Information
Publication: Annual Research Briefs - 2000: Center for Turbulence Research
Subject Category
Fluid Mechanics And Thermodynamics
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle20010022631Analytic PrimaryAnnual Research Briefs - 2000: Center for Turbulence Research
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