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Coupled Growth in HypermonotecticsThe overall objective of this project is to obtain a fundamental understanding of the physics controlling solidification processes in immiscible alloy systems. The investigation involves both experimentation and the development of a model describing solidification in monotectic systems. The experimental segment was designed to first demonstrate that it is possible to obtain interface stability and steady state coupled growth in hypermonotectic alloys through microgravity processing. Microgravity results obtained to date have verified this possibility. Future flights will permit experimental determination of the limits of interface stability and the influence of alloy composition and growth rate on microstructure. The objectives of the modeling segment of the investigation include prediction of the limits of interface stability, modeling of convective flow due to residual acceleration, and the influence of surface tension driven flows at the solidification interface. The study of solidification processes in immiscible alloy systems is hindered by the inherent convective flow that occurs on Earth and by the possibility of sedimentation of the higher density immiscible liquid phase. It has been shown that processing using a high thermal gradient and a low growth rate can lead to a stable macroscopically planar growth front even in hypermonotectic alloys. Processing under these growth conditions can avoid constitutional supercooling and prevent the formation of the minor immiscible liquid phase in advance of the solidification front. However, the solute depleted boundary layer that forms in advance of the solidification front is almost always less dense than the liquid away from the solidification front. As a result, convective instability is expected. Ground based testing has indicated that convection is a major problem in these alloy systems and leads to gross compositional variations along the sample and difficulties maintaining interface stability. Sustained low gravity processing conditions are necessary in order to minimize these problems and obtain solidification conditions which approach steady state.
Document ID
20010057207
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Andrews, J. Barry (Alabama Univ. Birmingham, AL United States)
Coriell, Sam R. (National Inst. of Standards and Technology United States)
Date Acquired
August 20, 2013
Publication Date
March 1, 2001
Publication Information
Publication: Microgravity Materials Science Conference 2000
Volume: 1
Subject Category
Metals and Metallic Materials
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAS8-99059
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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