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What Controls the Arctic Lower Stratosphere Temperature?The temperature of the Arctic lower stratosphere is critical for understanding polar ozone levels. As temperatures drop below about 195 K, polar stratospheric clouds form, which then convert HCl and ClONO2 into reactive forms that are catalysts for ozone loss reactions. Hence, the lower stratospheric temperature during the March period is a key parameter for understanding polar ozone losses. The temperature is basically understood to be a result of planetary waves which drive the polar temperature away from a cold "radiative equilibrium" state. This is demonstrated using NCEP/NCAR reanalysis calculations of the heat flux and the mean polar temperature. The temperature during the March period is fundamentally driven by the integrated impact of large scale waves moving from the troposphere to the stratosphere during the January through February period.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Newman, Paul A.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Nash, Eric R.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Einaudi, Franco
Date Acquired
August 20, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2000
Subject Category
Meteorology And Climatology
Meeting Information
Meeting: American Geophyscial Union Fall Meeting
Location: San Francisco, CA
Country: United States
Start Date: December 15, 2000
End Date: December 19, 2000
Sponsors: American Geophysical Union
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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