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Laboratory Measurements of the 940, 1130, and 1370 nm Water Vapor Absorption Band ProfilesWe have used the solar spectral flux radiometer (SSFR) flight instrument with the Ames 25 meter base-path White cell to obtain about 20 moderate resolution (8 nm) pure water vapor spectra from 650 to 1650 nm, with absorbing paths from 806 to 1506 meters and pressures up to 14 torr. We also obtained a set at 806 meters with several different air-broadening pressures. Model simulations were made for the 940, 1130, and 1370 nm absorption bands for some of these laboratory conditions using the Rothman, et al HITRAN-2000 linelist. This new compilation of HITRAN includes new intensity measurements for the 940 nm region. We compared simulations for our spectra of this band using HITRAN-2000 with simulations using the prior HITRAN-1996. The simulations of the 1130 nm band show about 10% less absorption than we measured. There is some evidence that the total intensity of this band is about 38% stronger than the sum of the HITRAN line intensities in this region. In our laboratory conditions the absorption depends approximately on the square root of the intensity. Thus, our measurements agree that the band is stronger than tabulated in HITRAN, but by about 20%, substantially less than the published value. Significant differences have been shown between Doppler-limited resolution spectra of the 1370 nm band obtained at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and HITRAN simulations. Additional new intensity measurements in this region are continuing to be made. We expect the simulations of our SSFR lab data of this band will show the relative importance of improving the HITRAN line intensities of this band for atmospheric measurements.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Giver, Lawrence P. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Gore, Warren J. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Pilewskie, P. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Freedman, R. S. (Space Physics Research Inst. Sunnyvale, CA United States)
Chackerian, C., Jr. (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Inst. Mountain View, CA United States)
Varanasi, P. (State Univ. of New York Stony Brook, NY United States)
Date Acquired
August 20, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2001
Subject Category
Meteorology and Climatology
Meeting Information
American Geophysical Union Chapman Conference(Estes Park, CO)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.