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2D Quantum Mechanical Study of Nanoscale MOSFETsWith the onset of quantum confinement in the inversion layer in nanoscale MOSFETs, behavior of the resonant level inevitably determines all device characteristics. While most classical device simulators take quantization into account in some simplified manner, the important details of electrostatics are missing. Our work addresses this shortcoming and provides: (a) a framework to quantitatively explore device physics issues such as the source-drain and gate leakage currents, DIBL, and threshold voltage shift due to quantization, and b) a means of benchmarking quantum corrections to semiclassical models (such as density-gradient and quantum-corrected MEDICI). We have developed physical approximations and computer code capable of realistically simulating 2-D nanoscale transistors, using the non-equilibrium Green's function (NEGF) method. This is the most accurate full quantum model yet applied to 2-D device simulation. Open boundary conditions and oxide tunneling are treated on an equal footing. Electrons in the ellipsoids of the conduction band are treated within the anisotropic effective mass approximation. We present the results of our simulations of MIT 25, 50 and 90 nm "well-tempered" MOSFETs and compare them to those of classical and quantum corrected models. The important feature of quantum model is smaller slope of Id-Vg curve and consequently higher threshold voltage. Surprisingly, the self-consistent potential profile shows lower injection barrier in the channel in quantum case. These results are qualitatively consistent with ID Schroedinger-Poisson calculations. The effect of gate length on gate-oxide leakage and subthreshold current has been studied. The shorter gate length device has an order of magnitude smaller current at zero gate bias than the longer gate length device without a significant trade-off in on-current. This should be a device design consideration.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Svizhenko, Alexei (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Anantram, M. P. (Computer Sciences Corp. United States)
Govindan, T. R. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Biegel, B. (Computer Sciences Corp. United States)
Kwak, Dochan
Date Acquired
August 20, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2000
Subject Category
Electronics and Electrical Engineering
Meeting Information
2nd Workshop on Computational Materials and Electronics(Tempe, AZ)
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: RTOP 519-40-12
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.