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Record Details

Record 1 of 2701
Situational Variables in Expert Pilot Decision Making
Author and Affiliation:
Fischer, Ute(San Jose State Univ., Moffett Field, CA United States)
Orasanu, Judith(NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA United States)
Wich, Mike(San Jose State Univ., Moffett Field, CA United States)
Hart, Sandra G. [Technical Monitor]
Abstract: In traditional laboratory studies of decision making, the experimenter structures the problem, defines the goal and specifies available information. In contrast, when people make decisions in non-laboratory environments characterized as complex, dynamic and consequential, they must first identify the problem and determine what information and responses are relevant. The present research was designed to investigate which situational aspects are important to experienced pilots making aviation decisions. Twenty-eight professional pilots were asked to sort descriptions of 22 aircraft incidents into piles involving similar types of major decisions. Preliminary analyses suggest four underlying variables: time pressure, risk level, available resources, and certainty of goal attainment.
Publication Date: Jan 01, 1994
Document ID:
20020005134
(Acquired Jan 04, 2002)
Subject Category: BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
Document Type: Preprint
Meeting Information: Society for Judgment and Decision Making Conference; 13-14 Nov. 1994; Saint Louis, MO; United States
Contract/Grant/Task Num: RTOP 199-06-12-23
Financial Sponsor: NASA Ames Research Center; Moffett Field, CA United States
Organization Source: NASA Ames Research Center; Moffett Field, CA United States
Description: 1p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: AIRCRAFT PILOTS; DECISION MAKING; SITUATIONAL AWARENESS; DECISIONS; OPERATOR PERFORMANCE
Availability Source: Other Sources
Availability Notes: Abstract Only
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