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Cloud and Radiation Studies during SAFARI 2000Though the emphasis of the Southern Africa Regional Science Initiative 2000 (SAFARI-2000) dry season campaign was largely on emission sources and transport, the assemblage of aircraft (including the high altitude NASA ER-2 remote sensing platform and the University of Washington CV-580, UK MRF C130, and South African Weather Bureau JRA in situ aircrafts) provided a unique opportunity for cloud studies. Therefore, as part of the SAFARI initiative, investigations were undertaken to assess regional aerosol-cloud interactions and cloud remote sensing algorithms. In particular, the latter part of the experiment concentrated on marine boundary layer stratocumulus clouds off the southwest coast of Africa. Associated with cold water upwelling along the Benguela current, the Namibian stratocumulus regime has received limited attention but appears to be unique for several reasons. During the dry season, outflow of continental fires and industrial pollution over this area can be extreme. From below, upwelling provides a rich nutrient source for phytoplankton (a source of atmospheric sulphur through DMS production as well as from decay processes). The impact of these natural and anthropogenic sources on the microphysical and optical properties of the stratocumulus is unknown. Continental and Indian Ocean cloud systems of opportunity were also studied during the campaign. Aircraft flights were coordinated with NASA Terra Satellite overpasses for synergy with the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and other Terra instruments. An operational MODIS algorithm for the retrieval of cloud optical and physical properties (including optical thickness, effective particle radius, and water path) has been developed. Pixel-level MODIS retrievals (11 km spatial resolution at nadir) and gridded statistics of clouds in th SAFARI region will be presented. In addition, the MODIS Airborne Simulator flown on the ER-2 provided high spatial resolution retrievals (50 m at nadir). These retrievals will be discussed and compared with in situ observations.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Platnick, Steven (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
King, M. D. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Hobbs, P. V. (Washington Univ. Seattle, WA United States)
Osborne, S. (Meteorological Research Flight Farnborough United Kingdom)
Piketh, S. (Witwatersrand Univ. Johannesburg, South Africa)
Bruintjes, R. (National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder, CO United States)
Lau, William K. M.
Date Acquired
August 20, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2001
Subject Category
Environment Pollution
Meeting Information
2001 AGU Fall Meeting(San Francisco, CA)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.