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Surface Movement Incidents Reported to the NASA Aviation Safety Reporting SystemIncreasing numbers of aircraft are operating on the surface of airports throughout the world. Airport operations are forecast to grow by more that 50%, by the year 2005. Airport surface movement traffic would therefore be expected to become increasingly congested. Safety of these surface operations will become a focus as airport capacity planning efforts proceed toward the future. Several past events highlight the prevailing risks experienced while moving aircraft during ground operations on runways, taxiways, and other areas at terminal, gates, and ramps. The 1994 St. Louis accident between a taxiing Cessna crossing an active runway and colliding with a landing MD-80 emphasizes the importance of a fail-safe system for airport operations. The following study explores reports of incidents occurring on an airport surface that did not escalate to an accident event. The Aviation Safety Reporting System has collected data on surface movement incidents since 1976. This study sampled the reporting data from June, 1993 through June, 1994. The coding of the data was accomplished in several categories. The categories include location of airport, phase of ground operation, weather /lighting conditions, ground conflicts, flight crew characteristics, human factor considerations, and airport environment. These comparisons and distributions of variables contributing to surface movement incidents can be invaluable to future airport planning, accident prevention efforts, and system-wide improvements.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Connell, Linda J. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Hubener, Simone (Technische Univ. Berlin, Germany)
Date Acquired
August 20, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1997
Subject Category
Air Transportation and Safety
Meeting Information
Ohio State University 9th Conference on Aviation Psychology(Columbus, OH)
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: RTOP 505-64-53
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.