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Integration of Biological, Physical/Chemical and Energy Efficient Systems in the CELSS Antarctic Analog: Performance of Prototype Systems and Issues for Life SupportThe Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS) Antarctic Analog Project (CAAP) is a joint endeavor between the National Science Foundation, Office of Polar Programs (NSF-OPP), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The fundamental objective is to develop, deploy, and operate a testbed of advanced life support technologies at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station that enable the objectives of both the NSF and NASA. The functions of food production, water purification, and waste treatment, recycle, and reduction provided by CAAP will improve the quality of life for the South Pole inhabitants, reduce logistics dependence, enhance safety, and minimize environmental impacts associated with human presence on the polar plateau. Because of the analogous technical, scientific, and mission features with Planetary missions, such as a mission to Mars, CAAP provides NASA with a method for validating technologies and overall approaches to supporting humans. Prototype systems for waste treatment, water recycle, resource recovery and crop production are being evaluated in a testbed at Ames Research Center. The combined performance of these biological and physical/chemical systems as an integrated function in support of the human habitat will be discussed. Overall system performance will be emphasized. The effectiveness and efficiency of component technologies will be discussed in the context of energy and mass flow within the system and contribution to achieving a mass and energy conservative system. Critical to the discussion are interfaces with habitat functions outside of the closed-loop life support: the ability of the system to satisfy the life support requirements of the habitat and the ability to define input requirements. The significance of analog functions in relation to future Mars habitats will be discussed.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Bubenheim, David L. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Flynn, Michael T. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Lamparter, Richard (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Bates, Maynard (Lockheed Martin Engineering and Sciences Co. Moffett Field, CA United States)
Kliss, Mark
Date Acquired
August 20, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1998
Subject Category
Man/System Technology and Life Support
Meeting Information
32nd COSPAR Scientific Assembly(Nagoya)
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: RTOP 188-47-01
Distribution Limits