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Investigation of N2O Production from 266 and 532 nm Laser Flash Photolysis of O3/N2/O2 MixturesTunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy has been employed to measure the amount of N2O produced from laser flash photolysis of O3/N2/O2 mixtures at 266 and 532 nm. In the 532 nm photolysis experiments very little N2O is observed, thus allowing an upper limit yield of 7 x 10(exp -8) to be established for the process O3 + N2 yield N2O + O2, where O3 is nascent O3 that is newly formed via O(3P(sub J)) + O2 recombination (with vibrational excitation near the dissociation energy of O3). The measured upper limit yield is a factor of approx. 600 smaller than a previous literature value and is approximately a factor of 10 below the threshold for atmospheric importance. In the 266 nm photolysis experiments, significant N2O production is observed and the N2O quantum yield is found to increase linearly with pressure over the range 100 - 900 Torr in air bath gas. The source of N2O in the 266 nm photolysis experiments is believed to be the addition reaction O(1D(sub 2)) + N2 + M yields (k(sub sigma)) N2O + M, although reaction of (very short-lived) electronically excited O3 with N2 cannot be ruled out by the available data. Assuming that all observed N2O comes from the O(1D(sub 2)) + N2 + M reaction, the following expression describes the temperature dependence of k(sub sigma) (in its third-order low-pressure limit) that is consistent with the N2O yield data: k(sub sigma) = (2.8 +/- 0.1) x 10(exp -36)(T/300)(sup -(0-88+0.36)) cm(sup 6) molecule(sup -2)/s, where the uncertainties are 2(sigma) and represent precision only. The accuracy of the reported rate coefficients at the 95% confidence level is estimated to be 30 - 40% depending on the temperature. Model calculations suggest that gas phase processes initiated by ozone absorption of a UV photon represent about 1.4% of the currently estimated global source strength of atmospheric N2O. However, these processes could account for a significant fraction of the oxygen mass-independent enrichment observed in atmospheric N2O, and they appear to be the first suggested photochemical mechanism that is capable of explaining the altitude dependence of the observed mass -independent isotopic signature.
Document ID
20020088722
Document Type
Preprint (Draft being sent to journal)
Authors
Estupinan, E. G. (Georgia Inst. of Tech. Atlanta, GA United States)
Nicovich, J. M. (Georgia Inst. of Tech. Atlanta, GA United States)
Li, J. (Georgia Inst. of Tech. Atlanta, GA United States)
Cunnold, D. M. (Georgia Inst. of Tech. Atlanta, GA United States)
Wine, P. H. (Georgia Inst. of Tech. Atlanta, GA United States)
Date Acquired
August 20, 2013
Publication Date
October 29, 2002
Publication Information
Publication: SAGE II Ozone Analysis
Subject Category
Environment Pollution
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAG1-2202
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other