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Characterization of Dust Properties during ACE-Asia and PRIDE: A Column Satellite-Surface PerspectiveMany recent field experiments are designed to study the compelling variability in spatial and temporal scale of both pollution-derived and naturally occurring aerosols, which often exist in high concentration over particular pathways around the globe. For example, the ACE-Asia (Aerosol Characterization Experiment-Asia) was conducted from March-May 2001 in the vicinity of the Taklimakan and Gobi deserts, East Coast of China, Yellow Sea, Korea, and Japan, along the pathway of Kosa (severe events that blanket East Asia with yellow desert dust, peaked in the Spring season). The PRIDE (Puerto RIco Dust Experiment, July 2000) was designed to measure the properties of Saharan dust transported across the Atlantic Ocean to the Caribbean. Dust particles typically originate in desert areas far from polluted urban regions. During transport, dust layers can interact with anthropogenic sulfate and soot aerosols from heavily polluted urban areas. Added to the complex effects of clouds and natural marine aerosols, dust particles reaching the marine environment can have drastically different properties than those from the source. Thus, understanding the unique temporal and spatial variations of dust aerosols is of special importance in regional-to-global climate issues such as radiative forcing, the hydrological cycle, and primary biological productivity in the ocean. During ACE-Asia and PRIDE we had measured aerosol physical/optical/radiative properties, column precipitable water amount, and surface reflectivity over homogeneous areas from ground-based remote sensing. The inclusion of flux measurements permits the determination of aerosol radiative flux in addition to measurements of loading and optical depth. At the time of the Terra/MODIS, SeaWiFS, TOMS and other satellite overpasses, these ground-based observations can provide valuable data to compare with satellite retrievals over land. We will present the results and discuss their implications in regional climatic effects.
Document ID
20030025400
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Lau, William K. M. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Tsay, Si-Chee (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Hsu, N. Christina (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Herman, Jay R. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Ji, Q. Jack (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2002
Subject Category
Meteorology and Climatology
Meeting Information
Sino-US Workshop on Dust Storms and Their Effect on Human Health(Raleigh, NC)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.