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Three-Dimensional Effects in Multi-Element High Lift ComputationsIn an effort to discover the causes for disagreement between previous two-dimensional (2-D) computations and nominally 2-D experiment for flow over the three-element McDonnell Douglas 30P-30N airfoil configuration at high lift, a combined experimental/CFD investigation is described. The experiment explores several different side-wall boundary layer control venting patterns, documents venting mass flow rates, and looks at corner surface flow patterns. The experimental angle of attack at maximum lift is found to be sensitive to the side-wall venting pattern: a particular pattern increases the angle of attack at maximum lift by at least 2 deg. A significant amount of spanwise pressure variation is present at angles of attack near maximum lift. A CFD study using three-dimensional (3-D) structured-grid computations, which includes the modeling of side-wall venting, is employed to investigate 3-D effects on the flow. Side-wall suction strength is found to affect the angle at which maximum lift is predicted. Maximum lift in the CFD is shown to be limited by the growth of an off-body corner flow vortex and consequent increase in spanwise pressure variation and decrease in circulation. The 3-D computations with and without wall venting predict similar trends to experiment at low angles of attack, but either stall too early or else overpredict lift levels near maximum lift by as much as 5%. Unstructured-grid computations demonstrate that mounting brackets lower the lift levels near maximum lift conditions.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Langley Research Center
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Rumsey, Christopher L.
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
LeeReusch, Elizabeth M.
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Watson, Ralph D.
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Date Acquired
September 8, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2003
Publication Information
Publication: Computers and Fluids
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd.
Volume: 32
ISSN: 0045-7930
Subject Category
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.
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