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Application of Powder Diffraction Methods to the Analysis of Short- and Long-Range Atomic Order in Nanocrystalline Diamond and SiC: The Concept of the Apparent Lattice Parameter (alp)Two methods of the analysis of powder diffraction patterns of diamond and SiC nanocrystals are presented: (a) examination of changes of the lattice parameters with diffraction vector Q ('apparent lattice parameter', alp) which refers to Bragg scattering, and (b), examination of changes of inter-atomic distances based on the analysis of the atomic Pair Distribution Function, PDF. Application of these methods was studied based on the theoretical diffraction patterns computed for models of nanocrystals having (i) a perfect crystal lattice, and (ii), a core-shell structure, i.e. constituting a two-phase system. The models are defined by the lattice parameter of the grain core, thickness of the surface shell, and the magnitude and distribution of the strain field in the shell. X-ray and neutron experimental diffraction data of nanocrystalline SiC and diamond powders of the grain diameter from 4 nm up to micrometers were used. The effects of the internal pressure and strain at the grain surface on the structure are discussed based on the experimentally determined dependence of the alp values on the Q-vector, and changes of the interatomic distances with the grain size determined experimentally by the atomic Pair Distribution Function (PDF) analysis. The experimental results lend a strong support to the concept of a two-phase, core and the surface shell structure of nanocrystalline diamond and SiC.
Document ID
Document Type
Preprint (Draft being sent to journal)
Palosz, B. (Polish Academy of Sciences Warsaw, Poland)
Grzanka, E. (Polish Academy of Sciences Warsaw, Poland)
Gierlotka, S. (Polish Academy of Sciences Warsaw, Poland)
Stelmakh, S. (Polish Academy of Sciences Warsaw, Poland)
Pielaszek, R. (Polish Academy of Sciences Warsaw, Poland)
Bismayer, U. (Hamburg Univ. Germany)
Weber, H.-P. (Swiss Norwegian Beam Lines Grenoble)
Palosz, W. (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2003
Subject Category
Atomic and Molecular Physics
Distribution Limits